Sunday, January 29, 2012

Dawood Ibrahim

Dawood Ibrahim (born Sheikh Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar; December 27, 1955), also known as Dawood Ebrahim, and Sheikh Dawood Hassan, is the head of the organized crime syndicate D-Company in Mumbai. He is currently on the wanted list of Interpol for organised crime and counterfeiting. He was No. 4 on the Forbes' World's Top 10 most dreaded criminals list of 2008. He is ranked at no. 57 in Forbes list of 'The World's Most Powerful People'.

Dawood Ibrahim is accused of heading a vast and sprawling illegal empire in and against India and Indian people, primarily Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and Christians. After the 1993 Bombay bombings, which Ibrahim allegedly organized and financed, he became India's most wanted man. According to the United States, Ibrahim maintained close links with al-Qaida's Osama bin Laden. As a consequence, the United States declared Dawood Ibrahim a "global terrorist" in 2003 and pursued the matter before the United Nations in an attempt to freeze his assets around the world and crack down on his operations. The Bush administration has since imposed several sanctions on Ibrahim and his associates. Indian and Russian intelligence agencies have pointed out Ibrahim's possible involvement in several other terror attacks, including the November 2008 Mumbai attacks, as per Interpol. Along with the Pakistan Administrated Kashmir, the issue of extradition of Dawood Ibrahim is one of the major hurdles in normalizing the frosty Indo-Pakistani relations.

Ibrahim Kaskar, the son of a police constable Mohsin Khan, was born in Mumkaa village in Ratnagiri in the Indian state of Maharashtra on December 27, 1955. He is of Konkani descent. He is said to have begun his career in Mumbai working for the Karim Lala gang exploiting the rapid expansion in the Bombay (now Mumbai) textiles industry to his advantage. He soon moved his residence to Dubai in the United Arab Emirates where he has business interests alongside India.

His Daughter
Dawood Ibrahim's daughter Mahrukh Ibrahim married Junaid Miandad the son of a former Pakistan National Cricket Team captain, Javed Miandad. Miandad told the press that his son and Ibrahim's daughter met while studying together in the UK.

Decline and ill-health
The past few years have seen a dramatic decline in Dawood's fortunes from the heady heights of the life depicted in "Portrait of a Don" - the ground breaking exposé by Ghulam Hasnain in 2001.

Firstly came the death of Sharad Shetty, Dawood's financier and long term confidant, an assassination carried out by Dawood's longtime rival Chotta Rajan. News media outlets reported the murder as a sign of a dramatic shift of power between the crime lords. This was the seminal event in a series of blows to his criminal empire from which Ibrahim has never fully recovered. The loss of Shetty was followed by the declaration by the United States Treasury Department declaring Ibrahim a global terrorist because of his links with Osama bin Laden. Ibrahim then lost one of his closest aides, Shoaib Khan in 2005.

2009 continued to be a difficult year both on personal and business level. On 30 March, his brother Noora died in his sleep of natural causes, aged 50.

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